Everyone purchasing real property should secure a survey prior to closing. A survey identifies the physical boundaries of the property, the location of any and all items constructed or installed on the property, and all easements, rights of way, or restrictions of record that may affect the title or use of the lands. The survey will show the buyer, on paper, the location of such items to allow the buyer to confirm the whereabouts of each improvement, right of way, or restriction.
The survey crew will physically enter the subject lands to observe the property and obtain measurements of the locations of all items to be included on the survey. Typically, monuments will be located and flags will be installed showing the corners and boundaries of the property. The buyer will be able to look at such flags to confirm his or her understanding of the locations of such points.
Obtaining a survey, prior to closing, will often avoid a later misunderstanding as to the boundaries of properties, encroachments, rights of use by others, and access issues. A prudent buyer should obtain a survey as a part of his or her due diligence.